One of the first sections that most people will read when looking at someone else’s dissertation is the abstract. In fact, this is an incredibly important aspect of many longer academic papers; however, it won’t necessarily be required for shorter essays.
Essentially, the abstract will provide a range of details the help the reader to understand what the work will be about, and whether or not they will wish to continue reading. As a result, it is essential that the work is written to a high standard, as you do not want to write the rest of the work, only for someone to read a badly written abstract, and then decide that the rest of the work will be of a low-quality as well, thus convincing them not to read on.
It is worth noting that students will often be required to create longer academic papers whilst using a particular formatting style. For example, many students, particularly those studying the social sciences, business or nursing, will be required to complete the work using APA format.
When writing with APA format, there are various formatting instructions that you will need to follow, so as to ensure that your work conforms to any necessary requirements.
Generally, APA format will explain a wide range of different instructions, so as to help you write every section of your work. For example, it will explain which sections you need to include, as well as how you should lay out the work, with details relating to the fonts that you should use, where to position headers, what line spacing to use, and a range of other information.
For example, you should generally use double spacing when writing in APA format, and you will normally have to include a header on every single page.
Of course, there are many other instructions that you should be aware of and, therefore, it is important that you look through the official style guide so as to understand what you should be doing.
It is worth remembering, however, that even if you do not know all of the instructions whilst writing the work, it can be useful to try and format things as you proceed, and you can always make any minor adjustments later on. In fact, you could even pay a professional to check things for you.